The French possessed many smoothbore guns in the 1850's. While gradually changing to rifled guns, the main artillery where the bronze smoothbore canons. The main issue with normal canons is that you needed different categories to use different shells to fire (also depends on the different environments). You had howitzers, mortars (especially useful for sieges) and normal canons. The main system was the Valée
system (adopted in 1828). The system mainly improved the mobility of the artillery train, and simplified maintenance by standardizing limber usage and wheel size, and reducing the number of carriage types to two. It also allowed for the cannoneers to be able to sit on the ammunition chests of the battery itself during transportation, allowing the whole artillery train to move as fast as the infantry or cavalry. Valée also improved the guns themselves slightly, by making them lighter, and with a longer range. The Valée
system was used even in the Crimean War of 1854, but was gradually replaced by the famous and very reliable canon obusier (gun howitzer) or better known as the Napoleon Gun that could fire round shot and/or explosive shells as main shell.Light Guns:
8lb Canon (Summer Dress).
8lb Canon (Winter Dress).
8lb Canon Colonial (Summer Dress).
8lb Canon Colonial (Winter Dress). Heavy Guns:
15cm Howitzer (Summer Dress).
15cm Howitzer (Winter Dress).
12lb Gun Howitzer "Napoleon Gun" (Summer Dress).12lb Gun Howitzer "Napoleon Gun" (Winter Dress).
8inch Mortar (Summer Dress).
8inch Mortar (Winter Dress).